Categories of Disciples who walked with Jesus

In the Bible, the twelve disciples chosen by Jesus, often referred to as the apostles, can be categorized in a few different ways based on their backgrounds and characteristics. Here are some basic categorizations:

Occupation-based categories

a. Fishermen: Simon Peter, Andrew, James, and John were fishermen by trade before becoming disciples of Jesus. b. Tax collector: Matthew (also known as Levi) was a tax collector before Jesus called him. c. Zealot: Simon the Zealot, also known as Simon the Canaanite, was likely associated with the Zealot movement, a political group known for their radical and fervent patriotism and opposition to Roman rule.

Family-Based categories

a. Brothers: James and John, also known as the “sons of Zebedee,” were brothers. b. Brothers with a nickname: James – James the Less or the son of Alphaeus, was a different person from James the son of Zebedee.

Identifiers Based on Specific Events or Roles

a. Betrayer: Judas Iscariot, who later betrayed Jesus, is often distinguished as the one who would ultimately betray him. b. Doubter: Thomas, also known as “Doubting Thomas,” expressed scepticism about Jesus’ resurrection until he saw Jesus himself. These two events also distinguished the categories of Jesus’ Disciples.

Other Categorizations

a. Inner circle: Peter, James, and John were often singled out by Jesus and had more intimate experiences with him, such as being present at the transfiguration (Matthew 17:1-13) and the prayer in the Garden of Gethsemane (Mark 14:32-42). b. Replacement: After Judas Iscariot’s betrayal and subsequent death, Matthias was chosen by the remaining disciples to replace him (Acts 1:12-26).

These categories of Jesus’ Disciples provide a general framework to distinguish among the disciples, but it’s important to remember that they were all chosen by Jesus and played unique roles in his ministry.

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